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BIND 9 Configure Views To Partition External and Internal DNS Information

September 8, 2019

How do I configure Bind 9 dns server views to allow a single nameserver in my DMZ to make different sets of data available to different sets of clients? For example, I’d like to run recursion, some other data for LAN users (192.168.1.0/24), and for the Internet user I’d like to display limited DNS data without recursion. How do I configure views to partition external (Internet) and internal (LAN) DNS information?

You need to edit /etc/named.conf or /var/named/chroot/etc/named.conf file, run (the following configuration is tested on FreeBSD and RHEL 5.x BIND 9 servers):
# vi /var/named/chroot/etc/named.conf
Append the following and define internal subnet (192.168.1.0/24 and localhost with full access and recursion):

acl internal {
   192.168.1.0/24;
   localhost;
};

Define zone and other data as per your requirements:

//
// Lan zone recursion is the default 
// 
view "internal-view" {
  match-clients { internal; };
  zone "." IN {
    type hint;
    file "db.cache";
  };
  zone "internal.nixcraft.com " IN {
    type master;
    file "zones/lan.master.nixcraft.com";
    allow-transfer { key TRANSFER; };
  };
};
//
// external zone w/o recursion
//
view "external-view" {
  match-clients { any; };
  recursion no;
  zone "nixcraft.com " IN {
    type master;
    file "zones/internet.master.nixcraft.com";
    allow-transfer { key TRANSFER; };
  };
};

Make sure you configure TSIG as described here.

Create Zone Files

First, create required directories, enter:
# mkdir -p /var/named/chroot/var/named/zones
# chown named:named /var/named/chroot/var/named/zones

Create Internal Zone With LAN IP Data

Edit /var/named/chroot/var/named/zones/lan.master.nixcraft.com, run:
# vi /var/named/chroot/var/named/zones/lan.master.nixcraft.com
Append the data, enter:

$ORIGIN nixcraft.com.
$TTL 3h
@        IN SOA ns1.nixcraft.com. vivek.nixcraft.com. (
                       20080703328        ; Serial yyyymmddnn
                       3h                ; Refresh After 3 hours
                       1h                ; Retry Retry after 1 hour
                       1h                ; Expire after 1 week 1w
                       1h)             ; Minimum negative caching of 1 hour

@                          IN NS    ns1.nixcraft.com.
@                          IN NS    ns2.nixcraft.com.

@                      3600	IN MX 10 mail1.nixcraft.com.
@                      3600     IN MX 20 mail2.nixcraft.com.

@                      3600    IN A     208.43.79.236
ns1                    3600    IN A     208.43.138.52
ns2                    3600    IN A     75.126.168.152
mail1                  3600    IN A     208.43.79.236
mail2                  3600    IN A     67.228.49.229
out-router             3600    IN A     208.43.79.100
; lan data
wks1                   3600    IN A     192.168.1.5
wks2                   3600    IN A     192.168.1.5
wks3                   3600    IN A     192.168.1.5
in-router              3600    IN A     192.168.1.254
; add other lan specifc data below

Edit /var/named/chroot/var/named/zones/internet.master.nixcraft.com, run:
# vi /var/named/chroot/var/named/zones/internet.master.nixcraft.com
Same as above but no internal data:

$ORIGIN nixcraft.com.
$TTL 3h
@        IN SOA ns1.nixcraft.com. vivek.nixcraft.com. (
                       20080703328        ; Serial yyyymmddnn
                       3h                ; Refresh After 3 hours
                       1h                ; Retry Retry after 1 hour
                       1h                ; Expire after 1 week 1w
                       1h)             ; Minimum negative caching of 1 hour

@                          IN NS    ns1.nixcraft.com.
@                          IN NS    ns2.nixcraft.com.

@                      3600	IN MX 10 mail1.nixcraft.com.
@                      3600     IN MX 20 mail2.nixcraft.com.

@                      3600    IN A     208.43.79.236
ns1                    3600    IN A     208.43.138.52
ns2                    3600    IN A     75.126.168.152
mail1                  3600    IN A     208.43.79.236
mail2                  3600    IN A     67.228.49.229
out-router             3600    IN A     208.43.79.100

Finally, reload data:
# rndc reload
Test it, enter:
$ ping in-router.nixcraft.com
$ ping out-router.nixcraft.com

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Posted by: SXI ADMIN

The author is the creator of SXI LLC and a seasoned sysadmin, DevOps engineer, and a trainer for the Linux operating system/Unix shell scripting. Get the latest tutorials on SysAdmin, Linux/Unix and open source topics via RSS/XML feed or weekly email newsletter.

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