CentOS / Red Hat Linux Find Out Latest Available Updated Package or Kernel Version

Q. I know how to find out current running kernel version under CentOS Enterprise Linux 4.6 x86_64, but how do I find out latest available kernel version? How do I find out if it’s the latest one? How to find the latest release version for package called xyz or kernel package?

A. You can simply use yum command to find out more about latest version available under your CentOS system. To list all packages with updates available in the yum repositories.

yum list updates syntax

Use the following syntax and you are allowed to use wild cards (the single quotes will keep your shell from expanding the globs):
yum list updates {package-name}
yum list updates 'package-name*'
yum list updates '*package-name*'

For example, find out if latest updated version of kernel or php package, enter:
# yum list updates 'php*'
# yum list updates 'kernel*'
Sample output:

Loading "installonlyn" plugin
Loading "security" plugin
Setting up repositories
Reading repository metadata in from local files
Skipping security plugin, no data
Updated Packages
kernel.i686                              2.6.18-53.1.21.el5     updates    

You can list currently installed package version by typing any one of the following command:
# rpm -q kernel
# yum list installed 'kernel*'
Or you can list multiple packages on separated by whitespace:
# yum list installed 'kernel*' 'php*'
Sample output:

Loading "installonlyn" plugin
Loading "security" plugin
Installed Packages
kernel.i686                              2.6.18-53.1.4.el5      installed       
kernel.i686                              2.6.18-53.1.19.el5     installed       
kernel.i686                              2.6.18-53.1.21.el5     installed       
kernel.i686                              2.6.18-53.1.6.el5      installed       
kernel.i686                              2.6.18-8.1.15.el5      installed       
kernel-devel.i686                        2.6.18-8.1.15.el5      installed       
kernel-devel.i686                        2.6.18-53.1.4.el5      installed       
kernel-devel.i686                        2.6.18-53.1.6.el5      installed       
kernel-devel.i686                        2.6.18-53.1.19.el5     installed       
kernel-devel.i686                        2.6.18-53.1.21.el5     installed       
kernel-headers.i386                      2.6.18-53.1.21.el5     installed

Finally, you can apply updated version using yum command itself:
# yum update kernel.i686
Sample output:

Loading "installonlyn" plugin
Loading "security" plugin
Setting up Update Process
Setting up repositories
Reading repository metadata in from local files
Skipping security plugin, no data
Resolving Dependencies
Skipping security plugin, no data
--> Populating transaction set with selected packages. Please wait.
---> Package kernel.i686 0:2.6.18-53.1.21.el5 set to be installed
--> Running transaction check

Dependencies Resolved

 Package                 Arch       Version          Repository        Size 
 kernel                  i686       2.6.18-53.1.21.el5  updates            13 M

Transaction Summary
Install      1 Package(s)         
Update       0 Package(s)         
Remove       0 Package(s)         

Total download size: 13 M
Is this ok [y/N]: y
Downloading Packages:
Running Transaction Test
Finished Transaction Test
Transaction Test Succeeded
Running Transaction
  Installing: kernel                       ######################### [1/1] 

Installed: kernel.i686 0:2.6.18-53.1.21.el5

Don’t forget to reboot your system so that you can boot into latest kernel version:
# reboot

Posted by: SXI ADMIN

The author is the creator of SXI LLC and a seasoned sysadmin, DevOps engineer, and a trainer for the Linux operating system/Unix shell scripting. Get the latest tutorials on SysAdmin, Linux/Unix and open source topics via RSS/XML feed or weekly email newsletter.

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