I am running Red Hat Enterprise Linux on IBM based system. How do I display bandwidth usage on an interface by host in real time using command line option? How do I monitor bandwidth usage in a real time on RHEL or CentOS Linux based server? How can I install iftop utility on CentOS or RHEL server using the yum command?
You can install and use iftop utility on Linux. This command listens to network traffic on a given interface (such as eth0 or eth1), and shows a table of current bandwidth usage by pairs of hosts. iftop must be run with sufficient permissions (usually as root user) to monitor all network traffic on the interface.
First, turn on EPEL repo on Linux. See how to install and enable epel repo on CentOS / RHEL / Scientific Linux v4.x/5.x/6.x for more information. Type the following yum command to install iftop on RHEL/CentOS/Fedora Linux:
# yum -y install iftop
How do I use iftop command?
The syntax is:
iftop iftop [options] iftop -i interface iftop -i eth0 -f filter_code
Simply type the following command to monitor traffic on eth0:
# iftop -i eth0
Don’t do DNS hostname lookups
By default, iftop will look up the hostnames associated with addresses it finds in packets. Pass the -n option to disable dns lookup:
# iftop -n -i eth0
Hide service name and port numbers
Pass the -N option to hide resolve port number to service names:
# iftop -N -i eth0
Find out packets flowing in and out of 192.168.1.0/24 network
Use the -F option to set net/mask for traffic analysis. In this example, find out packets flowing in and out of the 192.168.1.0/24 network. This is useful to find out if why the network is slow:
# iftop -F 192.168.1.0/255.255.255.0 -i eth0
icmp bandwidth stats
Find out more about icmp ping requests and bandwidth usage per interface by host. Use the -f to set filter:
# iftop -f icmp -i eth0
Hide bar graphs
Pass the -b option to turn off display bar graphs of traffic:
# iftop -b -i eth0
Pass the -B option to display bandwidth rates in bytes/sec rather than bits/sec:
# iftop -B -i eth0
Important keyboard shortcuts
- Press t control display type. The t cycles through the four line display modes; the default 2-line display, with sent and received traffic on separate lines, and 3 1-line displays, with sent, received, or total traffic shown.
- Press P to pause the current display.
- Press o to freeze the current screen order. This has the side effect that traffic between hosts not shown on the screen at the time will not be shown at all, although it will be included in the totals at the bottom of the screen.
- Press j and k to scroll the display of hosts. This is useful for busy servers.