FreeBSD Set Date Time and Timezone

How do I setup date and time under FreeBSD operating system using a shell prompt?

Under FreeBSD you can use date command to display or set date and time. The date command displays the date and time read from the kernel clock. If you just type date command without any options (read as without arguments) the date command display the current date and time only.

Please note that if you are looking Linux specific date command faq, please read this FAQ.

FreeBSD Display todays date

Type date command as follows, to display todays date and time:
$ date
Output:

Thu Feb  9 23:43:19 IST 2006

FreeBSD set date and time

Only the superuser or root user may set the date under FreeBSD. General format of date command is as follows:
date yymmddhhmmss
Where,

  • yy : Year in two digit
  • mm : Month (1-12)
  • dd : Day (1-31)
  • hh : Hours (0..23)
  • mm : Minutes (0..59)
  • ss : Seconds (0..61)

For example following command set date to 12-Jan-2004, 4:27 PM (remember you must be a root user to set date and time)
# date 0401121627
Output:

Mon Jan 12 16:27:00 IST 2004

FreeBSD Set Time Without Modifying The Date

Type the following command to sets the time to 4:30 PM:
# date 1630

FreeBSD Setup Timezone

To setup corrct timezone you need to copy your timezone file from /usr/share/zoneinfo directory to /etc/localtime file. Just goto directory:
# cd /usr/share/zoneinfo

Use ls -l command to find out your zonefile.
# ls -l

For example I am in Asia/Culcatta (IST time zone) so I need to copy file as follows:
# cp /usr/share/zoneinfo/Asia/Calcutta /etc/localtime

date command and use of environment variable

You can also use TZ environment variable to display date and time according to your timezone. For example to display the current time in California you need to export TZ as follows (assuming that you are using bash shell):
# date

Output:

Fri Feb 10 00:39:59 IST 2006

Now use TZ variable:
# export TZ=America/Los_Angeles
# date

Output:

Thu Feb 9 11:10:08 PST 2006

See also:

Posted by: SXI ADMIN

The author is the creator of SXI LLC and a seasoned sysadmin, DevOps engineer, and a trainer for the Linux operating system/Unix shell scripting. Get the latest tutorials on SysAdmin, Linux/Unix and open source topics via RSS/XML feed or weekly email newsletter.