Blog

03/06/2019

How To CentOS / RHEL 7 Install Gnome Desktop Using Yum



I installed minimal CentOS Linux 7.x on my laptop. How can I install Gnome desktop GUI on a RHEL (Red Hat) 7 or CentOS Linux 7 system using command line option?

GNOME is a highly intuitive and user friendly desktop environment for CentOS and RHEL 7.x based system. [donotprint][/donotprint]If you did a minimal install, this guide will quicly tell you how to install Gnome GUI on a CentOS 7 or RHEL 7 using a command line options.

Install Gnome GUI

The syntax is as follows to list available software groups on a CentOS/RHEL 7:
yum grouplist
Sample outputs:

Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, langpacks
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
 * base: mirrors.usc.edu
 * extras: mirror.lug.udel.edu
 * updates: mirror.cogentco.com
Available environment groups:
   Minimal Install
   Compute Node
   Infrastructure Server
   File and Print Server
   Basic Web Server
   Virtualization Host
   Server with GUI
   GNOME Desktop
   KDE Plasma Workspaces
   Development and Creative Workstation
Installed groups:
   Graphical Administration Tools
   Legacy UNIX Compatibility
   Security Tools
   System Administration Tools
Available Groups:
   Compatibility Libraries
   Console Internet Tools
   Development Tools
   Scientific Support
   Smart Card Support
   System Management
Done

To install GNOME desktop group, enter:
sudo yum groups install "GNOME Desktop"
OR
sudo yum groupinstall "GNOME Desktop"
To install Gnome on a RHEL 7 or CentOS Linux 7 server for operating network infrastructure services, with a GUI, enter:
sudo yum groups install "Server with GUI"
OR
sudo yum groupinstall "Server with GUI"
Now yum command will download all required packages from the internets or RHN if you are using Red Hat Enterprise Linux .

How do I set the system to boot directly into the GUI in CentOS7/RHEL 7?

Type the following command:
sudo systemctl set-default graphical.target

How do I switch or start GUI login from command line?

Type the following command if you do not want to reboot the server or desktop/laptop:
sudo systemctl start graphical.target
You should see login screen as follows:

Fig.01: CentOS / RHEL 7 Gnome the GUI login

And here is my desktop:
Fig.02: CentOS / RHEL 7 Gnome Desktop

Posted by: SXI ADMIN

The author is the creator of nixCraft and a seasoned sysadmin, DevOps engineer, and a trainer for the Linux operating system/Unix shell scripting. Get the latest tutorials on SysAdmin, Linux/Unix and open source topics via RSS/XML feed or weekly email newsletter.

14/08/2019

How to KVM, QEMU start or stop virtual machine from command line (CLI)

KVM or Kernel Based Virtual Machine is a popular virtualization technology. It allows you to run virtual guest machines over a host machine. To start...
14/08/2019

How to Docker backup Saving and restoring your volumes

Running a Docker volume backup First, we spin up a temporary container, and we mount the backup folder and the target Docker volume to this container....
12/08/2019

How to Start and Enable Firewalld on CentOS 7

In this article, we discuss how to start and enable firewalld. It is highly recommended that you have a firewall protecting your server.Pre-Flight CheckThese...