I am a new RHEL (Red Hat) Linux user. How do I delete and remove a file on RHEL (Red Hat) Linux based system?
You need to use the rm command. It tries to remove the files specified on the command line. Use the rm command to delete files and directories on RHEL (Red Hat) Linux. This page shows how to delete and remove files on RHEL (Red Hat) Linux.
Command to delete and remove files on RHEL (Red Hat) Linux
The syntax is as follows for the rm and unlink command to remove files on RHEL (Red Hat) Linux:
- Open the RHEL (Red Hat) terminal application (bash shell)
- Type any one of the following command to delete a file named rhel7.demo.txt in the current directory
- rm rhel7.demo.txt
Let use see all the rm command options to delete and remove files on RHEL (Red Hat) Linux.
Delete multiple files
Type the following command to delete the file named tom.txt, tom.txt, and dance.jpg located in the current directory:
[[email protected]:~]$ rm tom.txt tom.txt dance.jpg
You can specify path too. If a file named tom.txt located in /tmp/ directory, you can run:
[[email protected]:~]$ rm /tmp/tom.txt
[[email protected]:~]$ rm /tmp/tom.txt /home/vivek/dance.jpg /home/vivek/data/tom.txt
RHEL (Red Hat) Linux delete a file and prompt before every removal
To get confirmation before attempting to remove each file pass the -i option to the rm command on RHEL (Red Hat) Linux:
[[email protected]:~]$ rm -i my-file-name-here
[[email protected]:~]$ rm -i tom.txt
Force rm command on RHEL (Red Hat) Linux to explain what is being done with file
Red Hat Enterprise Linux delete all files in folder or directory
You need to pass the following options:
[[email protected]:~]$ rm -rf dir1
[[email protected]:~]$ rm -rf /path/to/dir/
[[email protected]:~]$ rm -rf /home/vivek/oldschoolpics/
It will remove all files and subdirectories from a directory. So be careful. Always keep backups of all important data on RHEL (Red Hat) Linux.
RHEL (Red Hat) Linux delete file begins with a dash or hyphen
If the name of a file or directory or folder starts with a dash (- or hyphen --), use the following syntax:
[[email protected]:~]$ rm -- -my-file-name-here
[[email protected]:~]$ rm -- --my-file-name-here
[[email protected]:~]$ rm -rf --my-directory-name-here
[[email protected]:~]$ rm ./-file
[[email protected]:~]$ rm -rf ./--my-directory-name-here
Do not run ‘rm -rf /‘ command as an administrator/root or normal RHEL (Red Hat) Linux user
rm -rf (variously, rm -rf /, rm -rf *, and others) is frequently used in jokes and anecdotes about RHEL (Red Hat) Linux disasters. The rm -rf / variant of the command, if run by an administrator, would cause the contents of every writable mounted filesystem on the computer to be deleted. Do not try these commands on RHEL (Red Hat) Linux:
[[email protected]:~]$ rm -rf /
[[email protected]:~]$ rm -rf *
And there you have it, the rm command which is used to delete files and directories on RHEL (Red Hat) Linux operating systems. For more info see the rm command man page on RHEL (Red Hat) by typing the following man command:
$ man rm
Usage: rm [OPTION]... FILE... Remove (unlink) the FILE(s). -f, --force ignore nonexistent files and arguments, never prompt -i prompt before every removal -I prompt once before removing more than three files, or when removing recursively; less intrusive than -i, while still giving protection against most mistakes --interactive[=WHEN] prompt according to WHEN: never, once (-I), or always (-i); without WHEN, prompt always --one-file-system when removing a hierarchy recursively, skip any directory that is on a file system different from that of the corresponding command line argument --no-preserve-root do not treat '/' specially --preserve-root do not remove '/' (default) -r, -R, --recursive remove directories and their contents recursively -d, --dir remove empty directories -v, --verbose explain what is being done --help display this help and exit --version output version information and exit By default, rm does not remove directories. Use the --recursive (-r or -R) option to remove each listed directory, too, along with all of its contents. To remove a file whose name starts with a '-', for example '-foo', use one of these commands: rm -- -foo rm ./-foo Note that if you use rm to remove a file, it might be possible to recover some of its contents, given sufficient expertise and/or time. For greater assurance that the contents are truly unrecoverable, consider using shred. GNU coreutils online help: <http://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/> For complete documentation, run: info coreutils 'rm invocation'