Blog

03/06/2019

How to find out Mac OS X operating system version information from Terminal command prompt



I use ssh client to login into my Mac Min server without GUI. How can I tell what version of Mac OS X operating system am I using command prompt? How do I find out Mac OS X version from Terminal app bash shell?

On Apple Mac OS X you need to use the following command to find out operating system version:

  1. system_profiler command – Show Apple hardware and software configuration.
  2. sw_vers command – Show Mac OS X operating system version.
  3. uname command – Show operating system name and more.

Determine OS X version from the command line

Open the terminal app and type the following command:
$ sw_vers
Sample outputs:

Fig. 01: Find OS X version from the command line

Where, you can pass the following options:

  1. -productName – Print just the value of the ProductName property.
  2. -productVersion – Print just the value of the ProductVersion property.
  3. -buildVersion – Print just the value of the BuildVersion property.

Say hello to system_profiler

You can use the system_profiler command as follows to get the same information:
$ system_profiler | less
$ system_profiler SPSoftwareDataType

Sample outputs:

Fig.02: Tell what version of OS X you are using on from the command line

Using SystemVersion.plist file

The above commands use /System/Library/CoreServices/SystemVersion.plist file. One can print the version info as follows:
$ cat /System/Library/CoreServices/SystemVersion.plist
Sample outputs:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE plist PUBLIC "-//Apple//DTD PLIST 1.0//EN" "http://www.apple.com/DTDs/PropertyList-1.0.dtd">
<plist version="1.0">
<dict>
	<key>ProductBuildVersion</key>
	<string>15B42</string>
	<key>ProductCopyright</key>
	<string>1983-2015 Apple Inc.</string>
	<key>ProductName</key>
	<string>Mac OS X</string>
	<key>ProductUserVisibleVersion</key>
	<string>10.11.1</string>
	<key>ProductVersion</key>
	<string>10.11.1</string>
</dict>
</plist>

On Mac OS X server, try:
$ cat /System/Library/CoreServices/ServerVersion.plist

How do I find out OS X Darwin kernel version?

Simply type the following uname command to see operating system name including the machine hardware name, the nodename, the machine processor architecture name, the operating system release, the operating system name, and the operating system version:
$ uname -av
Sample outputs:

Darwin Viveks-MacBook-Pro.local 15.0.0 Darwin Kernel Version 15.0.0: Sat Sep 19 15:53:46 PDT 2015; root:xnu-3247.10.11~1/RELEASE_X86_64 x86_64

Tip: Read OS X version in audio format

Type the following bash command to hear OS X version using the say command on OS X:

say $(sw_vers) 
say $(sw_vers -productName && sw_vers -productVersion | sed 's/10//')

Posted by: SXI ADMIN

The author is the creator of nixCraft and a seasoned sysadmin, DevOps engineer, and a trainer for the Linux operating system/Unix shell scripting. Get the latest tutorials on SysAdmin, Linux/Unix and open source topics via RSS/XML feed or weekly email newsletter.

14/08/2019

How to KVM, QEMU start or stop virtual machine from command line (CLI)

KVM or Kernel Based Virtual Machine is a popular virtualization technology. It allows you to run virtual guest machines over a host machine. To start...
14/08/2019

How to Docker backup Saving and restoring your volumes

Running a Docker volume backup First, we spin up a temporary container, and we mount the backup folder and the target Docker volume to this container....
12/08/2019

How to Start and Enable Firewalld on CentOS 7

In this article, we discuss how to start and enable firewalld. It is highly recommended that you have a firewall protecting your server.Pre-Flight CheckThese...