I configured and installed a TLS/SSL certificate in /etc/ssl/ directory on Linux server. I was wondering if can I find out the common name (CN) from the certificate using the Linux or Unix command line option?
Yes, you find and extract the common name (CN) from the certificate using openssl command itself.
What is the Common Name?
The common name (CN) is nothing but the computer/server name associated with your SSL certificate. For example, sxi.io or sxi.io or *.sxi.io is CN for this website. The CN usually indicate the host/server/name protected by the SSL certificate. Your SSL certificate is valid only if hostname matches the CN. Your browser can display the CN:
How do I get common name (CN) from SSL certificate?
The syntax is:
openssl x509 -noout -subject -in your-file.pem
openssl x509 -noout -subject -in exmaple.com.cer
openssl x509 -noout -subject -in /etc/ssl/exmaple.com.cer
$ openssl x509 -noout -subject -in /etc/ssl/glusterfs.pem
$ openssl x509 -noout -subject -in /etc/ssl/sxi.io.crt
Say hello to certtool command
Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree Reading state information... Done The following additional packages will be installed: libopts25 The following NEW packages will be installed: gnutls-bin libopts25 0 upgraded, 2 newly installed, 0 to remove and 0 not upgraded. Need to get 250 kB of archives. After this operation, 990 kB of additional disk space will be used. Do you want to continue? [Y/n] y Get:1 http://mirrors.linode.com/ubuntu xenial/main amd64 libopts25 amd64 1:5.18.7-3 [57.8 kB] Get:2 http://mirrors.linode.com/ubuntu xenial-updates/universe amd64 gnutls-bin amd64 3.4.10-4ubuntu1.2 [192 kB] Fetched 250 kB in 0s (14.3 MB/s) Selecting previously unselected package libopts25:amd64. (Reading database ... 34082 files and directories currently installed.) Preparing to unpack .../libopts25_1%3a5.18.7-3_amd64.deb ... Unpacking libopts25:amd64 (1:5.18.7-3) ... Selecting previously unselected package gnutls-bin. Preparing to unpack .../gnutls-bin_3.4.10-4ubuntu1.2_amd64.deb ... Unpacking gnutls-bin (3.4.10-4ubuntu1.2) ... Processing triggers for libc-bin (2.23-0ubuntu5) ... Processing triggers for man-db (2.7.5-1) ... Setting up libopts25:amd64 (1:5.18.7-3) ... Setting up gnutls-bin (3.4.10-4ubuntu1.2) ... Processing triggers for libc-bin (2.23-0ubuntu5) ...
Now run command as follows:
$ certtool -i < your-file.pem
$ certtool -i < /etc/ssl/sxi.io.crt | more
X.509 Certificate Information: Version: 3 Serial Number (hex): 03bb567f2ab8cd904f4168e159115389351b Issuer: C=US,O=Let's Encrypt,CN=Let's Encrypt Authority X3 Validity: Not Before: Sat Mar 04 23:01:00 UTC 2017 Not After: Fri Jun 02 23:01:00 UTC 2017 Subject: CN=sxi.io Subject Public Key Algorithm: RSA Algorithm Security Level: High (4096 bits) ..... .. ..
And there you have it, either use the openssl or certtool command to find out the common name (CN) from your SSL certificate.