How To Install CentOS 8 Step by Step with Screenshots
(: September 29, 2019)
CentOS 8 was released on 24.09.2019 with plenty of new features as discussed in RHEL 8 New features and on CentOS 8 New Features. This guide will discuss how to install CentOS 8 Linux on VirtualBox, KVM, Proxmox VE, RHEV or any other Virtualized / Physical environment.
Step 1: Download CentOS 8 ISO Image
Download a copy of CentOS 8 ISO from CentOS 8 mirror. The ISO files are available under isos directory and CPU architecture.
You can also check All CentOS mirrors near you.
Step 2: Create CentOS 8 bootable USB drive
After the CentOS 8 iso file is downloaded, create a bootable USB drive using dd command if you’re running Linux on your local machine.
Confirm ISO file exists locally.
$ file ~/iso/CentOS-8-x86_64-1905-dvd1.iso /home/jmutai/iso/CentOS-8-x86_64-1905-dvd1.iso: DOS/MBR boot sector; partition 2 : ID=0xef, start-CHS (0x3ff,254,63), end-CHS (0x3ff,254,63), startsector 23120, 19924 sectors
Create CentOS 8 bootable USB by running the command:
sudo dd if=~/iso/CentOS-8-x86_64-1905-dvd1.iso of=/dev/sdb status=progress && sync
- ~/iso/CentOS-8-x86_64-1905-dvd1.iso is the path to ISO file.
- /dev/sdb is your usb device location.
For guys on Virtualized environments, just select creation of new VM and browse to the location of CentOS 8 ISO file.
Click “New“, give VM a name and choose OS type and version.
Complete other steps necessary to install CentOS 8 on VirtualBox.
Create New VM > Choose ISO > Assign resources >Finish
Step 3: Start CentOS 8 Installation
4.1 – Boot from your CentOS 8 installation media to start installation process.
4.2 – Select “Install CentOS Linux 8” from the list of options available. CentOS 8Anaconda installer will start in a short while.
4.3 – Choose installation language and click “Continue“
4.4 – Under “Localization“, select your Keyboard layout, Language Support, Time and Date.
4.5 – Under “SOFTWARE” section, select installation type and optionally select Add-Ons to install for the selected environment.
The common installation types are:
- Minimal Install – Minimal Server without GUI, for advanced Linux Sysadmins.
- Workstation – For installation on Laptops and PCs.
- Server with GUI – Server installation with Graphical interface for administration.
If you want to use CentOS Linux 8 as hypervisor, e.g running KVM only, then select “Virtualization Host“.
4.6 – Under “SYSTEM” section, Set:
Installation destination – Choose storage configuration.
Network and Hostname.
To set a static IP address, click “Configure“. For hostname setting, provide hostname value and hit “Apply“.
Confirm all settings are okay.
4.7 – When done with all the changes, begin installation.
4.8 – As the installation is starting, set root user password.
4.9 – Also add a new Admin user account under “User Creation”.
Provide user information details and tick “Make this user administrator“.
4.10 – When installation is complete, click Reboot.
Wait for the installation to complete then reboot the server/workstation to login to CentOS 8 environment.
4.11 – Select your CentOS 8 Linux installation from Grub menu to boot to your new system.
4.12 – On Initial Setup screen,
Click “Finish Configuration“.
Login with admin account created.
Accept Gnome initial setup popups.
You’re ready to start using CentOS 8 Linux system.
Enable Cockpit Service – Optional
CentOS 8 ships with Cockpit web console which allows you to manage server from a web console. Check its installation on:
Update CentOS 8
Open your terminal and check for available updates.
$ sudo dnf check-update
To do actual update, run the command.
sudo dnf -y update
Customize Bash – How To Customize Bash on Linux with Bash-it
You have completed installation of CentOS 8 Linux server/workstation. Check out recommended books to help you get started.