Git is one of the most popular tools used as a distributed version control system(VCS). Git is commonly used for source code management (SCM) and has become more used than old VCS systems like SVN. In this article, we’ll show you how to install Git on your Ubuntu 16.04 server.
Installing Git on Ubuntu 16.04 LTS
We have also created a convenient video tutorial that outlines how to install Git on a Ubuntu 16.04 Server.
Now, let’s get started on that install…
- You should be running a server with any Ubuntu 16.04 LTS release.
- You will need to log in to SSH via the root user.
First, as always, we should start out by running general OS and package updates. On Ubuntu we’ll do this by running:
After you have run the general updates on the server you can get started with installing Git.
- Install Git
apt-get install git-coreYou may be asked to confirm the download and installation; simply enter y to confirm. It’s that simple, Git should be installed and ready to use!
- Confirm Git the installation
With the main installation done, first check to ensure the executable file is set up and accessible. The best way to do this is simply to run Git with the version command.
git version 2.7.4
- Configure Git’s settings (for the root user)
It’s a good idea to setup your user for git now, to prevent any commit errors later. We’ll setup the user testuser with the e-mail address firstname.lastname@example.org.
git config --global user.name "testuser"
git config --global user.email "email@example.com"
It’s important to know that git configs work on a user by user basis. For example, if you have a ‘david’ Linux user and they will be working with git then David should run the same commands from his user account. By doing this the commits made by the ‘david’ Linux user will be done under his details in Git.
- Verify the Config changes
Now we’ll verify the configuration changes by viewing the .gitconfig file. You can do this a few ways, we’ll show you both methods here.
- View the config file using cat with the following command:
- Or, you can also view the same details using the git config command:
git config --list
And that’s it! You have now installed Git on your Ubuntu 16.04 LTS server and have it configured on your root user. You can get rolling with your code changes from here, or you can repeat Steps 3 and 4 for the other system user accounts.
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