(: May 9, 2019)
In this guide, we will cover the installation of MariaDB 10.3 on Fedora 30/29/28. MariaDB is a drop-in replacement for MySQL. It is a robust, resilient, scalable and reliable RDBMS with features previously only available in costly proprietary databases.
Fedora 30 has MariaDB 10.3 available in its repositories. For Fedora 29/28, we will add MariaDB RPM repository then install the latest stable release of MariaDB server from it.
Step 1: Add MariaDB Yum Repository
This is done only on Fedora 29 / Fedora 28 workstation or server. Skip this step for Fedora 30.
Add repository to Fedora 29.
cat <<EOF | sudo tee /etc/yum.repos.d/MariaDB.repo [mariadb] name = MariaDB baseurl = http://yum.mariadb.org/10.3/fedora29-amd64 gpgkey=https://yum.mariadb.org/RPM-GPG-KEY-MariaDB gpgcheck=1 EOF
Add repository to Fedora 28.
cat <<EOF | sudo tee /etc/yum.repos.d/MariaDB.repo [mariadb] name = MariaDB baseurl = http://yum.mariadb.org/10.3/fedora28-amd64 gpgkey=https://yum.mariadb.org/RPM-GPG-KEY-MariaDB gpgcheck=1 EOF
Import repository GPG key when done.
sudo rpm --import https://yum.mariadb.org/RPM-GPG-KEY-MariaDB
Step 3: Install MariaDB 10.3 on Fedora 30/29/28
Use the following command to install MariaDB on Fedora system.
sudo dnf -y install MariaDB-server MariaDB-client
For Fedora 30, run:
sudo dnf -y install mariadb-server mariadb
After installing MariaDB server, start the service and set it to start at boot.
sudo systemctl start mariadb.service sudo systemctl enable mariadb.service
Step 3: Secure MariaDB Installation
After installation, MariaDB server is not hardened and can easily be accessed without authentication.
Secure your database by running the following script.
$ mysql_secure_installation NOTE: RUNNING ALL PARTS OF THIS SCRIPT IS RECOMMENDED FOR ALL MariaDB SERVERS IN PRODUCTION USE! PLEASE READ EACH STEP CAREFULLY! In order to log into MariaDB to secure it, we'll need the current password for the root user. If you've just installed MariaDB, and you haven't set the root password yet, the password will be blank, so you should just press enter here. Enter current password for root (enter for none): OK, successfully used password, moving on... Setting the root password ensures that nobody can log into the MariaDB root user without the proper authorisation. Set root password? [Y/n] y New password: <ENTER NEW PASSWORD> Re-enter new password: <CONFIRM PASSWORD> Password updated successfully! Reloading privilege tables.. ... Success! By default, a MariaDB installation has an anonymous user, allowing anyone to log into MariaDB without having to have a user account created for them. This is intended only for testing, and to make the installation go a bit smoother. You should remove them before moving into a production environment. Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y ... Success! Normally, root should only be allowed to connect from 'localhost'. This ensures that someone cannot guess at the root password from the network. Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] y ... Success! By default, MariaDB comes with a database named 'test' that anyone can access. This is also intended only for testing, and should be removed before moving into a production environment. Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y - Dropping test database... ... Success! - Removing privileges on test database... ... Success! Reloading the privilege tables will ensure that all changes made so far will take effect immediately. Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y ... Success! Cleaning up... All done! If you've completed all of the above steps, your MariaDB installation should now be secure. Thanks for using MariaDB!
- Set Database root user password
- Remove anonymous users
- Disallow root user remote logins
- Remove test database and access to it
When done, test access using the root user – without a password.
$ mysql -u root ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user 'root'@'localhost' (using password: NO)
As seen, you need to authenticate to access database console as a root user.
$ mysql -u root -p Enter password: Welcome to the MariaDB monitor. Commands end with ; or g. Your MariaDB connection id is 19 Server version: 10.3.14-MariaDB MariaDB Server Copyright (c) 2000, 2018, Oracle, MariaDB Corporation Ab and others. Type 'help;' or 'h' for help. Type 'c' to clear the current input statement. MariaDB [(none)]> SELECT VERSION(); +-----------------+ | VERSION() | +-----------------+ | 10.3.14-MariaDB | +-----------------+ 1 row in set (0.000 sec)
For developers who need an easier way of managing MariaDB database server, check our guide on Install and Configure phpMyAdmin on Fedora