(: May 8, 2019)
Question: How can I install MySQL 5.7 on Fedora 30/29/28?. MySQL is the most robust production-grade RDBMS based on Structured Query Language (SQL). Its development is backed by Oracle Corporation. With its proven reliability, performance, and ease-of-use, MySQL has become the leading database choice for web-based applications.
Some big companies using MySQL includes Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, and many others. MySQL has a huge user community behind it, so you can always get help when you need one.
Step 1: Install MySQL 5.7 on Fedora 30/29/28
The packages for MySQL 5.7 are available on Oracle upstream repositories for Fedora. Add the repository using the following commands – specific to each distribution.
For Fedora 30:
sudo dnf -y install https://repo.mysql.com//mysql80-community-release-fc30-1.noarch.rpm
For Fedora 29:
sudo dnf -y install https://repo.mysql.com//mysql80-community-release-fc29-2.noarch.rpm
For Fedora 28:
sudo dnf -y install https://repo.mysql.com//mysql80-community-release-fc28-2.noarch.rpm
The commands above will add repository contents to the file /etc/yum.repos.d/mysql-community.repo.
The default package mysql-community-server installed is for MySQL 8. To install MySQL 5.7 on Fedora 30/29/28, first enable channel for MySQL 5.7.
sudo dnf --disablerepo=mysql80-community --enablerepo=mysql57-community install mysql-community-server
Press “y” key to start the installation.
........................................... Transaction Summary Install 49 Packages Total download size: 214 M Installed size: 970 M Is this ok [y/N]: y
Also Agree to add GPG key.
Importing GPG key 0x5072E1F5: Userid : "MySQL Release Engineering <[email protected]>" Fingerprint: A4A9 4068 76FC BD3C 4567 70C8 8C71 8D3B 5072 E1F5 From : /etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-mysql Is this ok [y/N]: y
To view installed package specific details, use:
$ rpm -qi mysql-community-server Name : mysql-community-server Version : 5.7.26 Release : 1.fc29 Architecture: x86_64 Install Date: Wed 08 May 2019 06:56:53 PM CEST Group : Applications/Databases Size : 766402082 License : Copyright (c) 2000, 2019, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Under GPLv2 license as shown in the Description field. Signature : DSA/SHA1, Mon 15 Apr 2019 11:21:42 AM CEST, Key ID 8c718d3b5072e1f5 Source RPM : mysql-community-5.7.26-1.fc29.src.rpm Build Date : Sat 13 Apr 2019 04:54:54 PM CEST Build Host : vigdis06.no.oracle.com Relocations : (not relocatable) Packager : MySQL Release Engineering [email protected] Vendor : Oracle and/or its affiliates URL : http://www.mysql.com/ Summary : A very fast and reliable SQL database server
Step 2: Configure MySQL 5.7 on Fedora 30/29/28.
2.1 – After the installation, start mysqld service.
sudo systemctl enable --now mysqld.service
2.2 – Copy the generated random password for the root user
grep 'A temporary password' /var/log/mysqld.log |tail -1
Take note of the printed password:
2019-05-08T16:59:02.412078Z 1 [Note] A temporary password is generated for [email protected]: -gv9kyqud*,U
2.3 – Start MySQL Secure Installation to change the root password, Disallow root login remotely, remove anonymous users and remove test database.
$ sudo mysql_secure_installation Securing the MySQL server deployment. Enter password for user root:
Authenticate with your generated temporary password. This will ask you to set a new password for the root user.
Change the password for root ? ((Press y|Y for Yes, any other key for No) : Yes New password: Re-enter new password: Estimated strength of the password: 100 Do you wish to continue with the password provided?: Yes Remove anonymous users?: Yes Success. Disallow root login remotely? : Yes Success. Remove test database and access to it? : Yes - Dropping test database... Success. - Removing privileges on test database... Success. Reload privilege tables now? (Press y|Y for Yes) : Yes Success. All done!
You can use online password generator to get a complex password.
2.4 – Connect to MySQL Database as root user and create a test database.
$ mysql -u root -p Enter password: <Enter Root Password> Welcome to the MySQL monitor. Commands end with ; or g. Your MySQL connection id is 15 Server version: 5.7.26 MySQL Community Server (GPL) Copyright (c) 2000, 2019, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective owners. Type 'help;' or 'h' for help. Type 'c' to clear the current input statement. mysql>
2.5 – Create a test database and user:
mysql> CREATE DATABASE test_db; Query OK, 1 row affected (0.09 sec) mysql> CREATE USER 'test_user'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY "Strong34S;#"; Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.04 sec) mysql> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON test_db.* TO 'test_user'@'localhost'; Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.02 sec) mysql> FLUSH PRIVILEGES; Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.02 sec)
This test database and user can be dropped by running:
mysql> DROP DATABASE test_db; Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.14 sec) mysql> DROP USER 'test_user'@'localhost'; Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.11 sec) mysql> show databases; +--------------------+ | Database | +--------------------+ | information_schema | | mysql | | performance_schema | | sys | +--------------------+ 4 rows in set (0.01 sec) mysql> QUIT Bye
Step 3: Configure Firewall
To allow for remote connections, allow port 3306 on the firewall
sudo firewall-cmd --add-service=mysql --permanent
sudo firewall-cmd --reload
You can also limit access from trusted networks
sudo firewall-cmd --permanent --add-rich-rule 'rule family="ipv4" service name="mysql" source address="10.10.10.0/24" accept'
Thanks for installing MySQL 5.7 on Fedora 30/29/28 using our guide. Until next time, stay connected.
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