How To Run Firefox From The Command Line

How do I run Firefox browser from the Linux command line (shell prompt)? How to run Firefox from command line on Linux or Unix based server?

You can use the command line as follows with special arguments to start Mozilla firefox browser.

Firefox Start Browser From The Command Line

You can find out full path to firefox with the following type command:
type -a firefox
To open the browser, enter:
$ firefox
OR
$ /usr/bin/firefox

Firefox Open URL

To open URL in a new tab, enter:
$ /usr/bin/firefox --new-window http://sxi.io/
To open URL in a new window, enter:
$ /usr/bin/firefox sxi.io

Unix / Linux run Firefox from the command line

Linux Firefox open url in a new tab

You must run:
firefox --new-tab url
/usr/bin/firefox --new-tab https://www.nixcraft.com/

Firefox Search option

You can search words (term) with your default search engine, enter:
$ /usr/bin/firefox --search "term"
$ /usr/bin/firefox -search "linux add user to group"

Open Firefox Options / Preferences

To open Firefox options/preferences window, enter:
$ /usr/bin/firefox --preferences

Set Firefox As Default Browser

To set the Firefox app as the default browser, enter:
$ /usr/bin/firefox --setDefaultBrowser

How Do I Run Firefox Remotely On Server?

SSH is frequently used to tunnel insecure traffic over the Internet in a secure way. You can login to remote server using the ssh client:
$ ssh -X user@server42.nixcraft.com
To run firefox, enter:
$ /usr/bin/firefox &
$ /usr/bin/firefox sxi.io

How to run Firefox from a remote server

You need terminal and Gnome/KDE GUI to work with the local desktop. However, if you need to run Firefox on a remote Linux server and get output on a local desktop, try the ssh command:
ssh -X vivek@server1.sxi.io firefox sxi.io
One can specify X display to use:
firefox --display=DISPLAY url
firefox --display=0.0 url
DISPLAY=some-desktop:0.0 firefox url
ssh -X vivek@server1.sxi.io "firefox --display=0.0 sxi.io"

How to find out all other Firefox command line options?

Run the following command and you can filter outputs using the grep command/egrep command:
firefox --help
firefox --help | grep search

Usage: firefox [ options ... ] [URL]
       where options include:
 
X11 options
  --display=DISPLAY  X display to use
  --sync             Make X calls synchronous
  --g-fatal-warnings Make all warnings fatal
 
Firefox options
  -h or --help       Print this message.
  -v or --version    Print Firefox version.
  -P <profile>       Start with <profile>.
  --profile <path>   Start with profile at <path>.
  --migration        Start with migration wizard.
  --ProfileManager   Start with ProfileManager.
  --no-remote        Do not accept or send remote commands; implies
                     --new-instance.
  --new-instance     Open new instance, not a new window in running instance.
  --UILocale <locale> Start with <locale> resources as UI Locale.
  --safe-mode        Disables extensions and themes for this session.
  -MOZ_LOG=<modules> Treated as MOZ_LOG=<modules> environment variable, overrides it.
  -MOZ_LOG_FILE=<file> Treated as MOZ_LOG_FILE=<file> environment variable, overrides it.
                     If MOZ_LOG_FILE is not specified as an argument or as an environment variable,
                     logging will be written to stdout.
  --headless         Run without a GUI.
  --save-recordings  Save recordings for all content processes to a directory.
  --browser          Open a browser window.
  --new-window <url> Open <url> in a new window.
  --new-tab <url>    Open <url> in a new tab.
  --private-window <url> Open <url> in a new private window.
  --preferences      Open Preferences dialog.
  --screenshot [<path>] Save screenshot to <path> or in working directory.
  --window-size width[,height] Width and optionally height of screenshot.
  --search <term>    Search <term> with your default search engine.
  --setDefaultBrowser Set this app as the default browser.
  --jsconsole        Open the Browser Console.
  --jsdebugger       Open the Browser Toolbox.
  --wait-for-jsdebugger Spin event loop until JS debugger connects.
                     Enables debugging (some) application startup code paths.
                     Only has an effect when `--jsdebugger` is also supplied.
  --devtools         Open DevTools on initial load.
  --start-debugger-server [ws:][ <port> | <path> ] Start the debugger server on
                     a TCP port or Unix domain socket path. Defaults to TCP port
                     6000. Use WebSocket protocol if ws: prefix is specified.
  --recording <file> Record drawing for a given URL.
  --recording-output <file> Specify destination file for a drawing recording.
 
      -g or --debug          Start within debugger
      -d or --debugger       Specify debugger to start with (eg, gdb or valgrind)
      -a or --debugger-args  Specify arguments for debugger

Posted by: SXI ADMIN

The author is the creator of SXI LLC and a seasoned sysadmin, DevOps engineer, and a trainer for the Linux operating system/Unix shell scripting. Get the latest tutorials on SysAdmin, Linux/Unix and open source topics via RSS/XML feed or weekly email newsletter.

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