How to unzip a zip file using the Linux and Unix bash shell terminal

I grabbed a master.zip file from the Github public repo on my Linux VPS hosted at AWS. How do I unzip the file using bash ssh terminal? How can I unzip a file on Ubuntu/CentOS/Debian Linux/UNIX-like server?

You can use the unzip or tar command to extract (unzip) the file on Linux or Unix-like operating system. Unzip is a program to unpack, list, test, and compressed (extract) files and it may not be installed by default.

Use tar command to unzip a zip file

The syntax is:
tar xvf {file.zip}
tar -xvf {file.zip}

Use the following syntax if you want to extract/unzip to a particular destination directory:
tar xvf {file.zip} -C /dest/directory/
tar -xvf {file.zip} -C /dest/directory/

For example, unzip a zip file named master.zip using tar command:
tar xvf master.zip
To unzip a zip file named master.zip using tar command to a /tmp/data/ directory:
tar xvf master.zip -C /tmp/data/
ls -l /tmp/data/
cd /tmp/data/
ls -l

Sample session:

Fig.01: How to use a tar command to unzip a file on Linux/Unix-like terminal

Use unzip command to unzip a zip file

The syntax is:
unzip {file.zip}
Use the following syntax if you want to extract/unzip to a particular destination directory:
unzip -d /dest/directory/ {file.zip}
For example, unzip a zip file named master.zip using zip command:
unzip master.zip
To unzip a zip file named master.zip using zip command to a /tmp/data/ directory:
unzip -d /tmp/data/ master.zip
Sample session:

Fig.02: How to unzip a zip file from the Terminal using unzip command

A note about bash: unzip: command not found

If the unzip command NOT installed on your Linux or Unix box, then run any one of the following commands as per your Linux distribution to install the unzip command.

Install unzip on Debian/Ubuntu Linux

Use the apt-get command or apt command to install unzip command:
sudo apt-get install unzip
OR
sudo apt install unzip

Install unzip on Arch Linux

Use the pacman command to install unzip command:
pacman -S unzip

Install unzip on CentOS/RHEL/Scientific/Oracle Linux

Use the yum command to install unzip command:
yum install unzip

Install unzip on Fedora Linux

Use the dnf command to install unzip command:
dnf install unzip

Install unzip on Suse/OpenSUSE Linux

Use the dnf command to install unzip command:
zypper install unzip

Install unzip on FreeBSD unix

To install the unzip port, run:
# cd /usr/ports/archivers/unzip/ && make install clean
To add the package rung pkg command:
# pkg install unzip

Install unzip on OpenBSD unix

Type the following pkg_add command to install unzip package:
# pkg_add -v unzip

Posted by: SXI ADMIN

The author is the creator of SXI LLC and a seasoned sysadmin, DevOps engineer, and a trainer for the Linux operating system/Unix shell scripting. Get the latest tutorials on SysAdmin, Linux/Unix and open source topics via RSS/XML feed or weekly email newsletter.