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03/06/2019

HowTo Debian/Ubuntu Linux Auto Mount Windows NTFS File System [ntfs-3g]



I‘m dual booting MS-Windows with a Debian / Ubuntu Linux desktop. How can I auto mount a drive containing a MS-Windows NTFS file system on a Linux based systems?

The New Technology File System (NTFS) is a file system developed by Microsoft in 1995 with Windows NT. You can easily auto mount a hard disk drive partition containing a NTFS using the following method on any modern Linux desktop.[donotprint][/donotprint]

Out sample setup

  1. /dev/sdb1 = NTFS partition (use fdisk -l command to find out NTFS partitions names)
  2. Linux user id = 1000 (vivek)
  3. Linux group id = 1000 (vivek)
  4. Linux mount point = /mnt/ntfs
  5. Required package : ntfs-3g (3rd generation read/write NTFS driver

A note about ntfs-3g

Type the following apt-get command to install the same:

sudo apt-get install ntfs-3g

Sample outputs:

Fig.01: Install the ntfs-3g package from the official repositories on a Debian/Ubuntu

Auto mounting a drive containing a Windows (NTFS) file system using /etc/fstab

The file /etc/fstab contains descriptive information about the various file systems. You need to edit this file and append the following information.

Step 1: Edit /etc/fstab

Open the terminal application and type the following command:

sudo vi /etc/fstab

Step 2: Append the following configuration

/dev/sdb1 /mnt/ntfs/ ntfs nls-utf8,umask-0222,uid-1000,gid-1000,ro 0 0

A note about the /dev/sdb1 device name

If /deb/sdb1 path will change due to system configuration, I recommend that you use the UUID (Universally Unique Identifier) of the partition. To find the UUID of /dev/sdb1, enter:

sudo blkid  /dev/sdb1

Note down the UUID value and update /etc/fstab as follows:

# syntax
# UUID="YOUR-UID-HERE" /mnt/ntfs/ ntfs nls-utf8,umask-0222,uid-1000,gid-1000,ro 0 0
UUID="c2dbc0c5-a8fc-439e-aa93-51b0a61372e8" /mnt/ntfs/ ntfs nls-utf8,umask-0222,uid-1000,gid-1000,ro 0 0

Save and close the file.

Step 3: Create the /mnt/ntfs/ directory

Type the following mkdir command:

sudo mkdir -p /mnt/ntfs/

Step 4: Test it

Type the following command:

sudo mount -a
df -h
cd /mnt/ntfs/
ls -l
cp -v "My File Name.Doc" $HOME

Step 5: Unmount NTFS partion

Type the following command:

sudo umount /mnt/ntfs
## OR ##
sudo umount /deb/sdb1

Optional: Manual mounting using ntfs-3g cli option

The syntax is as follows to mount /dev/sdb1 to /mnt/ntfs/:
sudo mkdir -p /mnt/ntfs
Mount it:

ntfs-3g /dev/sdb1 /mnt/ntfs

OR

mount -t ntfs-3g /dev/sdb1 /mnt/ntfs

You can mount the ntfs data partition /dev/sda3 to /mnt/data with standard Linux permissions applied :

ntfs-3g -o permissions /dev/sda3 /mnt/data

You can do read-only mount /dev/sda5 to /home/user/mnt and make user with uid 1000 to be the owner of all files:

ntfs-3g -o ro,uid=1000 /dev/sda5 /home/user/mnt
References

Posted by: SXI ADMIN

The author is the creator of nixCraft and a seasoned sysadmin, DevOps engineer, and a trainer for the Linux operating system/Unix shell scripting. Get the latest tutorials on SysAdmin, Linux/Unix and open source topics via RSS/XML feed or weekly email newsletter.

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