HowTo: Install And Start The Apache or Httpd Service Under Linux

How do I install and start the Apache or httpd web server under Fedora or RHEL or Red Hat / CentOS Linux?

Apache HTTP Server is a free software/open source web server for Unix-like systems and other operating systems.

Apache features configurable error messages, DBMS-based authentication databases, and content negotiation. It is also supported by several graphical user interfaces (GUIs) which permit easier, more intuitive configuration of the server.

Use rpm command to install the Apache server under Linux. You can also use up2date or yum command to install the same.

Task: Install Apache/httpd under Fedroa Core/Cent OS Linux

Type the following command if you are using Fedora / RHEL / Cent OS Linux, run:
# yum install httpd
To start the Apache/httpd, run:
# chkconfig httpd on
# /etc/init.d/httpd start

Task: Install Apache/httpd under Red Hat Enterprise Linux

Type the following command:
# up2date httpd
# yum install httpd
To start the Apache/httpd, run:
# chkconfig httpd on
# /etc/init.d/httpd start

Task: Debian Linux httpd/Apache installation

Use the apt-get command:
# apt-get install apache2
# /etc/init.d/apache2 start

Task: Verify that port 80 is open

# netstat -tulpn | grep :80

You can also install httpd from CDROM with rpm command:
# rpm -ivh httpd*

Task: Store files / upload files for your web site

  1. You need to upload files at /var/www/html under RHEL / CentOS / Fedora Linux operating system.
  2. You need to upload files at /var/www/ under Debian or Ubuntu Linux operating system.

Apache Server configuration

Your server is started, but you need to configure and use Apache as per your requirement. /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf (RHEL/Cent OS/Fedora Core Linux) or /etc/apache2/httpd.conf (Debian / Ubuntu Linux) configuration file. Use a text editor such as vi to edit a file. This file is very well documented or read official Apache configuration documentation for more information.

Posted by: SXI ADMIN

The author is the creator of SXI LLC and a seasoned sysadmin, DevOps engineer, and a trainer for the Linux operating system/Unix shell scripting. Get the latest tutorials on SysAdmin, Linux/Unix and open source topics via RSS/XML feed or weekly email newsletter.