Linux: Bash Get Time

How do I get the system time in BASH? How can I get the Linux system using bash shell?

You can use the date command to display and/or set the Linux or UNIX-like system date and time. First, open the terminal application or login over ssh session and type the command at bash prompt.



To display current time, enter:

$ date

Sample outputs:

Wed Oct 27 16:50:41 IST 2010

You can only display time, enter:
$ date +"%T"
Sample outputs:


The following command use your local standards to display date and time:
$ date +"%c"
Sample outputs:

Wednesday 27 October 2010 04:52:06 PM IST

To display the date and time in a specified format, enter:
date +"%r %a %d %h %y (Julian Date: %j)"
Sample outputs:

12:52:58 AM Sun 20 Sep 15 (Julian Date: 263)

A list of date command field descriptors

       %%     a literal %
       %a     locale's abbreviated weekday name (e.g., Sun)
       %A     locale's full weekday name (e.g., Sunday)
       %b     locale's abbreviated month name (e.g., Jan)
       %B     locale's full month name (e.g., January)
       %c     locale's date and time (e.g., Thu Mar  3 23:05:25 2005)
       %C     century; like %Y, except omit last two digits (e.g., 20)
       %d     day of month (e.g., 01)
       %D     date; same as %m/%d/%y
       %e     day of month, space padded; same as %_d
       %F     full date; same as %Y-%m-%d
       %g     last two digits of year of ISO week number (see %G)
       %G     year of ISO week number (see %V); normally useful only with %V
       %h     same as %b
       %H     hour (00..23)
       %I     hour (01..12)
       %j     day of year (001..366)
       %k     hour, space padded ( 0..23); same as %_H
       %l     hour, space padded ( 1..12); same as %_I
       %m     month (01..12)
       %M     minute (00..59)
       %n     a newline
       %N     nanoseconds (000000000..999999999)
       %p     locale's equivalent of either AM or PM; blank if not known
       %P     like %p, but lower case
       %r     locale's 12-hour clock time (e.g., 11:11:04 PM)
       %R     24-hour hour and minute; same as %H:%M
       %s     seconds since 1970-01-01 00:00:00 UTC
       %S     second (00..60)
       %t     a tab
       %T     time; same as %H:%M:%S
       %u     day of week (1..7); 1 is Monday
       %U     week number of year, with Sunday as first day of week (00..53)
       %V     ISO week number, with Monday as first day of week (01..53)
       %w     day of week (0..6); 0 is Sunday
       %W     week number of year, with Monday as first day of week (00..53)
       %x     locale's date representation (e.g., 12/31/99)
       %X     locale's time representation (e.g., 23:13:48)
       %y     last two digits of year (00..99)
       %Y     year
       %z     +hhmm numeric time zone (e.g., -0400)
       %:z    +hh:mm numeric time zone (e.g., -04:00)
       %::z   +hh:mm:ss numeric time zone (e.g., -04:00:00)
       %:::z  numeric time zone with :  to  necessary  precision  (e.g.,  -04,
       %Z     alphabetic time zone abbreviation (e.g., EDT)
       By  default,  date  pads  numeric  fields  with  zeroes.  The following
       optional flags may follow '%':
       -      (hyphen) do not pad the field
       _      (underscore) pad with spaces
       0      (zero) pad with zeros
       ^      use upper case if possible
       #      use opposite case if possible

Finally, you can use TZ variable as follows. For example, show the time on the west coast of the US:
$ TZ='America/Los_Angeles' date
Sat Sep 19 12:26:57 PDT 2015

Posted by: SXI ADMIN

The author is the creator of SXI LLC and a seasoned sysadmin, DevOps engineer, and a trainer for the Linux operating system/Unix shell scripting. Get the latest tutorials on SysAdmin, Linux/Unix and open source topics via RSS/XML feed or weekly email newsletter.

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