Linux Error: curses.h: No such file or directory Problem Solution

I see the following error when I run make command to install specific software:

curses.h: No such file or directory Problem Solution

How do I fix this error under Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) or CentOS / Fedora Linux?

You need to install the curses library which include routines for a terminal-independent method of updating character screens with reasonable optimization. The ncurses (new curses) library is a freely distributable replacement for the discontinued 4.4 BSD classic curses library.

Fix this error on RHEL / Fedora / CentOS Linux

Type the following yum command at a shell prompt as root user:
# yum install ncurses-devel ncurses
Sample output:

Loading "downloadonly" plugin
Loading "rhnplugin" plugin
Loading "security" plugin
rhel-x86_64-server-vt-5   100% |=========================| 1.2 kB    00:00     
rhel-x86_64-server-5      100% |=========================| 1.2 kB    00:00     
Setting up Install Process
Parsing package install arguments
Package ncurses - 5.5-24.20060715.x86_64 is already installed.
Package ncurses - 5.5-24.20060715.i386 is already installed.
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package ncurses-devel.x86_64 0:5.5-24.20060715 set to be updated
---> Package ncurses-devel.i386 0:5.5-24.20060715 set to be updated
--> Finished Dependency Resolution

Dependencies Resolved

=============================================================================
 Package                 Arch       Version          Repository        Size 
=============================================================================
Installing:
 ncurses-devel           x86_64     5.5-24.20060715  rhel-x86_64-server-5  1.7 M
 ncurses-devel           i386       5.5-24.20060715  rhel-x86_64-server-5  1.6 M

Transaction Summary
=============================================================================
Install      2 Package(s)         
Update       0 Package(s)         
Remove       0 Package(s)         

Total download size: 3.3 M
Is this ok [y/N]: y
Downloading Packages:
(1/2): ncurses-devel-5.5- 100% |=========================| 1.6 MB    00:01     
(2/2): ncurses-devel-5.5- 100% |=========================| 1.7 MB    00:01     
Running rpm_check_debug
Running Transaction Test
Finished Transaction Test
Transaction Test Succeeded
Running Transaction
  Installing: ncurses-devel                ######################### [1/2] 
  Installing: ncurses-devel                ######################### [2/2] 

Installed: ncurses-devel.x86_64 0:5.5-24.20060715 ncurses-devel.i386 0:5.5-24.20060715
Complete!

Fix this error on Debian / Ubuntu Linux

Open terminal and type the following apt-get command to install ncurses:
$ sudo apt-get install libncurses5-dev libncursesw5-dev

Now you should able to compile any program under Linux using ncurses. Here is a sample command to compile and use ncurses:
$ gcc -o output input.c -lncurses
$ ./output

Posted by: SXI ADMIN

The author is the creator of SXI LLC and a seasoned sysadmin, DevOps engineer, and a trainer for the Linux operating system/Unix shell scripting. Get the latest tutorials on SysAdmin, Linux/Unix and open source topics via RSS/XML feed or weekly email newsletter.