I am a new Linux and Unix-command line user. I am using find command to search file called “fooBar.conf.sample” in my home directory. I do not know the case, it could be uppercase, lowercase, or a mix of both. How can search a file and ignore case on a Linux or Unix-like system?
[donotprint][/donotprint]The find command recursively descends the directory tree for each path provided, evaluating an expression. It is mainly used to search files and directories on Linux and Unix-like systems. The syntax is as follows to search files according to given criteria. You can search for files by name, owner, group, type, permissions, date, and other criteria:
find dir-to-look criteria what-to-do
find [options] dir-to-look criteria what-to-do
In this example, search your $HOME for a file called hello.c:
find $HOME -name "hello.c" -print
This will search the whole $HOME (i.e. /home/username/) system for any files named “hello.c” and display their pathnames:
However, it will not match HELLO.C or HellO.C. To match is case insensitive pass the -iname option as follows:
find $HOME -iname "hello.c" -print
Finally, pass the -type f option to only search for files:
find /dir/to/search -type f -iname "fooBar.conf.sample" -print
find $HOME -type f -iname "fooBar.conf.sample" -print
A note about AIX/HP-UX and other old Unix-like systems
The -iname works either on GNU or BSD (including OS X) version find command. If your version of find command does not supports -iname, try the following syntax using grep command:
find $HOME | grep -i "hello.c"
find $HOME -name "*" -print | grep -i "hello.c"
find $HOME -name '[hH][eE][lL][lL][oO].[cC]' -print