Linux / UNIX: List Open Files for Process

Q. How do I list all open files for a Linux or UNIX process using command line options?

A. Both Linux and UNIX like operating systems comes with various utilities to find out open files associated with process.

Task: UNIX List Open Files For Process

First use ps command to get PID of process, enter:
$ ps -aef | grep {process-name}
$ ps -aef | grep httpd

Next pass this PID to pfiles command,
$ pfiles {PID}
$ pfile 3533

Task: Linux List Open Files For Process

First you need to find out PID of process. Simply use any one of the following command to obtain process id:
# ps aux | grep {program-name}
OR
$ ps -C {program-name} -o pid=
For example, find out PID of firefox web-browser, enter:
$ ps -C firefox -o pid=
Output:

 7857

To list opne files for firefox process, enter:
$ ls -l /proc/7857/fd
Sample output:

total 0
lr-x------ 1 vivek vivek 64 2008-03-05 22:31 0 -> /dev/null
l-wx------ 1 vivek vivek 64 2008-03-05 22:31 1 -> pipe:[18371]
lr-x------ 1 vivek vivek 64 2008-03-05 22:31 10 -> /usr/lib/firefox/firefox
l-wx------ 1 vivek vivek 64 2008-03-05 22:31 2 -> pipe:[18371]

lsof command

lsof command list open files under all Linux distributions or UNIX like operating system. Type the following command to list open file for process ID 351:
$ lsof -p 351

Posted by: SXI ADMIN

The author is the creator of SXI LLC and a seasoned sysadmin, DevOps engineer, and a trainer for the Linux operating system/Unix shell scripting. Get the latest tutorials on SysAdmin, Linux/Unix and open source topics via RSS/XML feed or weekly email newsletter.