psql: FATAL: Ident authentication failed for user "username" Error and Solution

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Q. I’ve installed Postgresql under Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5.x server. I’ve created username / password and database. But when I try to connect it via PHP or psql using following syntax:

psql -d myDb -U username -W

It gives me an error that read as follows:

psql: FATAL: Ident authentication failed for user “username”

How do I fix this error?

A. To fix this error open PostgreSQL client authentication configuration file /var/lib/pgsql/data/pg_hba.conf :
# vi /var/lib/pgsql/data/pg_hba.conf
This file controls:

  1. Which hosts are allowed to connect
  2. How clients are authenticated
  3. Which PostgreSQL user names they can use
  4. Which databases they can access

By default Postgresql uses IDENT-based authentication. All you have to do is allow username and password based authentication for your network or webserver. IDENT will never allow you to login via -U and -W options. Append following to allow login via localhost only:

local	all	all	trust
host	all	127.0.0.1/32	trust

Save and close the file. Restart Postgresql server:
# service postgresql restart
Now, you should able to login using following command:
$ psql -d myDb -U username -W

Posted by: SXI ADMIN

The author is the creator of SXI LLC and a seasoned sysadmin, DevOps engineer, and a trainer for the Linux operating system/Unix shell scripting. Get the latest tutorials on SysAdmin, Linux/Unix and open source topics via RSS/XML feed or weekly email newsletter.

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