I am a new Python user. I would like to delay execution for five seconds in a Python script. How do I add a time delay in Python on Unix/Linux? Is there a sleep command in python like the Unix/Linux sleep utility to suspend execution of a bash script?
You need to import and use a module called time. This module provides various time-related functions for Python users.
Python sleep syntax
The syntax is as follows
The time.sleep() suspend execution of a script for the given number of seconds. The argument may be a floating point number to indicate a more precise sleep time. The actual suspension time may be less than that requested because any caught signal will terminate the sleep() following execution of that signalâ€™s catching routine. Also, the suspension time may be longer than requested by an arbitrary amount because of the scheduling of other activity in the system.
Example: Put delay in a Python script
Create a script called demo-sleep.py:
#!/usr/bin/python # The following will run infinity times on screen till user hit CTRL+C # The program will sleep for 1 second before updating date and time again. import time print "*** Hit CTRL+C to stop ***" ## Star loop ## while True: ### Show today's date and time ## print "Current date & time " + time.strftime("%c") #### Delay for 1 seconds #### time.sleep(1)
Save and close the file. Run it as follows:
$ chmod +x demo-sleep.py